Export Seite als DOC | Aktuelle Änderungen - Suchen:


Initial Setup Tasks

administrators (basic)

Once you have Pm Wiki running on your site (see Installation), you can customize it for your particular needs.

Most Pm Wiki configuration is performed in files called local/config.php and pub/css/local.css. Some configuration is done on special pages in the Site and SiteAdmin groups, such as the Site.SideBar menu.

The local configuration file (local/config.php)

When you first install Pm Wiki, the local/config.php file does not exist. Copy the sample-config.php file (in the docs/ directory) to local/config.php and use it as a starting point. You could create local/config.php from scratch, but sample-config.php is already populated with many of the options you might want to adjust.

Here is a simple config.php file:

<?php if (!defined('PmWiki')) exit();
$WikiTitle = "My New Wiki";
$PageLogoUrl = "http://example.com/mylogo.gif";

# Uncomment and correct these if PmWiki fails to detect the browser-reachable URLs
#$ScriptUrl = 'http://example.com/pmwiki/pmwiki.php';
#$PubDirUrl = 'http://example.com/pmwiki/pub';

$DefaultPasswords['admin'] = pmcrypt('onesecret');

$EnableUpload = 1;
$DefaultPasswords['upload'] = pmcrypt('secrettwo');

# Uncomment and change these if your server is not in your timezone
# date_default_timezone_set('America/New_York'); # if you run PHP 5.1 or newer
# putenv("TZ=EST5EDT"); # if you run PHP 5.0 or older

$TimeFmt = '%B %d, %Y, at %I:%M %p %Z';

Note that config.php begins with <?php . The PHP end tag ?> is optional, and can be left off to improve compatibility with some operating systems. Be sure there aren't any blank lines or spaces before the <?php or after any closing ?>, or else you may get strange PHP error messages at the beginning of your wiki pages.

The config.php file above sets the value of PHP variables used by Pm Wiki:

  • The $WikiTitle variable gives the name of your site as it will appear in a user's browser title bar.
  • The $ScriptUrl and $PubDirUrl variables tell your wiki where it is located. Often pmwiki can guess, but if you have difficulty with links not working or skins not being found then try uncommenting these lines.
  • The $PageLogoUrl variable specifies the URL of the icon image that will appear in the upper-left corner of each wiki page.
  • The $DefaultPasswords['admin'] sets an administrative password.
  • Setting $EnableUpload to "1" enables Uploads ("Attached files"). $DefaultPasswords['upload'] sets an upload password.
  • The date_default_timezone_set tells PHP what the default time zone is (for the time stamps in Recent Changes?, in the page histories and on user signatures). For a list of identifiers, see the online PHP manual.
  • The $TimeFmt variable defines the appearance of time strings (see Cookbook:ChangeTimeFormat).

By setting these (and other) variables in local/config.php, you can change the look and feel of Pm Wiki from its default, sometimes substantially so. See PmWiki.Variables for a list of variables that Pm Wiki uses, and see PmWiki:PmWikiUsers for examples of sites that use Pm Wiki in customized ways.

Other common setup tasks

The following variables are often requested when preparing a new wiki

  • Author required when editing a page $EnablePostAuthorRequired = 1;
  • Set $DefaultGroup and the $DefaultPage.

These common Cookbook recipes are also often installed immediately

If you prepare an international wiki, potentially with characters in different alphabets (Cyrillic, Greek, Chinese) or many diacritical symbols (Czech + French), please look at PmWiki.UTF-8 and Cookbook:UTF-8.


Review and set up any security required.

Setting an administrative password

The pages in the Site group (except the Site.Side Bar) are locked by default. In order to edit pages in this group you need to create a site-wide admin password in local/config.php. To set the site-wide admin password to "mysecret", change the line to the following:

$DefaultPasswords['admin'] = pmcrypt('mysecret');

You must use the pmcrypt() function, but set the password to a value with meaning for you. See PasswordsAdmin for details about making the password more secure.

Don't modify or rename pmwiki.php

Pm Wiki has been designed so that all customizations can be made without changing the distribution files -- one of its design goals is to provide seamless upgrades. Pm Wiki never writes to files in the local/ or cookbook/ directories, so placing your customizations here makes it easier to track the changes and upgrade PmWiki without losing the changes.

When changing the configuration of your site, always change the local/config.php file or add files to the cookbook/ or pub directories. Do not change pmwiki.php or the files in the scripts/ directory because the files are supposed to be overwritten upon upgrading.

You shouldn't rename pmwiki.php either. If you rename the file it will not be overwritten during an upgrade of the software and there will be a version mismatch. Many administrators add an index.php "wrapper script" in the pmwiki directory that contains the following single line:

<?php include('pmwiki.php');

Just make a text-file. Paste <?php include('pmwiki.php'); into it. Save the file as index.php. Send it via FTP to the same directory where pmwiki.php is located.

Other organisation

Upload directories

By default Pmwiki uses an upload directory for each group (see Uploads administration. Deciding on accepting the default, or choosing an alternative (eg one directory for the entire wiki, or one directory per page) is best done when setting up your wiki.

Page store directories

By default Pmwiki uses a single page store directory (wiki.d). Deciding on accepting the default (recommended), or choosing the alternative (one directory per group) is best done when setting up your wiki. [1]

Category Group Footer

For a new wiki the page Category.GroupFooter can be updated to

(:pagelist category={*$Name} list=normal:)

so that only categorised or tagged pages, i.e. those with [[!tag]] markup are displayed, and pages that link to categories i.e. those with [[Category.tag]] markup are hidden.

Other customization

After setting up local/config.php file, you may wish to make other local customizations. See the PmWiki Cookbook for a large number of customizations that have been contributed. And don't fear Cookbook recipes - they're well prepared, so that most of them require only to download a single file, add a one-line include command to config.php, and voilà! - they're working!

If you (or others sharing your server) want to maintain more than one wiki on the same server, see Wiki Farms.

Now what?

Don't forget to join a PmWiki mailing list, where you can email other wiki administrators for help on customizing Pm Wiki and participate in discussions about Pm Wiki improvements. Once you have your site operational, be sure to add it to PmWiki:PmWikiUsers so others will know about it!

This page may have a more recent version on pmwiki.org: PmWiki:InitialSetupTasks, and a talk page: PmWiki:InitialSetupTasks-Talk.

Bearbeiten - Versionen - Druckansicht - Aktuelle Änderungen - Suchen
Zuletzt geändert am 27.11.2022 19:29 Uhr | Seitenaufrufe: seit 03.10.2013